Pre-Commercial Procurement (PCP) is an innovative procurement practice that allows public organisations to work with industry to define the specifications for new un-existing services. PCP is a real procurement of R&D. Usually to share the risks of the procurement action, to unburden legal management and shorten the procurement process, public organisations opt for joint actions by combining the procurement actions of two or more contracting authorities. But what exactly is a joint PCP action? What are the legal implications? What are the main requirements?
As cloud computing becomes the norm in business and in the public sector, increasing numbers of cloud models and trends are bursting on the scene, but one in particular is here to stay: the "Everything-as-a-Service" (XaaS) cloud model.